Glossary of Hemp & CBD Terminology
Industrial Hemp is part of the Cannabis Sativa family and contains less than .3% of THC and is mostly comprised of the non-psychoactive compounds and cannabinoids (the ones that do not get you high)
Cannabis on the other hand, contains higher levels of THC, the psychoactive cannabinoid that gives you the intoxicating feeling.
Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds secreted by cannabis flowers that interact with our Endocannabinoid System (ECS) and produce a variety of effects on our bodies. Endocannabinoids are produced naturally within our bodies (like the bliss hormone anandamide) and phytocannabinoids are produced naturally in plants like cannabis and hemp (like THC, CBD, CBN, CBG, CBV).
THC is short for TetraHydroCannabinol. It is one of more than a hundred cannabinoids produced by the industrial hemp and cannabis plants and is the main psychoactive compound in cannabis that gives the high sensation.
CBD is short for Cannabidoil. It is one of more than a hundred cannabinoids produced by the industrial hemp and cannabis plants. Unlike THC, CBD is non-psychoactive meaning it doesn’t give you the intoxicating or “high” effects that THC products do. Full Spectrum Oil (FSO) contains all other compounds in hemp including other cannabinoids, terpenes, and fatty acids creating The Entourage Effect.
Isolate is when the CBD is extracted from the hemp plant and isolated on its own without any of the other compounds in hemp. Does not create The Entourage Effect.
The Entourage Effect is the result produced from the synergistic interaction of the cannabinoids, terpenes, fatty acids and other compounds naturally found in hemp and cannabis.
Terpenes are the essential oils of cannabis and hemp, giving each strain its unique smell and flavor. Not unique to cannabis, terpenes can be found in other plants and foods and offer a variety of effects.